The goal of the home sewage treatment program is to prevent the spread of disease and contamination of groundwater through potential contact with untreated or partially treated wastewater. In order to do this, the environmental division oversees the site preparation, design, installation, repair and replacement of household sewage treatment systems.
Registered Environmental Health Specialists (REHS) are responsible for conducting the site review and approving a layout plan of a home sewage treatment system (HSTS) AKA septic system. The system design is based on the soil type and the anticipated water usage of the home. Water usage is based on number of bedrooms. The type and size of system is based on water usage and the quality of the soil.
The Erie County Health Department (ECHD) has entered in to contract with the Ohio EPA to conduct routine operation and maintenance inspections of all semipublic sewage systems in the county where sanitary sewers are not available. A semipublic system is defined as “Semipublic disposal system” means a disposal system that treats the sanitary sewage discharged from publicly or privately owned buildings or places of assemblage, entertainment, recreation, education, correction, hospitalization, housing, or employment, but does not include a disposal system that treats sewage in amounts of more than twenty-five thousand gallons per day. This language is included in Ohio Revised Code 3709.085. ECHD will issue a permit on an annual basis and provide semiannual inspections of these facilities.